The Universe is an information system with emergent properties of gravity, time, matter, energy, and waves

Information displaces space.  This displacement causes space to become compressed.  A proxy for this compression is material density.  The more compressed, or dense, an area of space, the greater its resistance to the movement of information. The increased density emerges as mass.  This resistance to motion results in a "rate of entropy", which defines time.  Photons are the information carrier, and they carry the smallest known quanta of information in the system.    The compression and decompression of space result in the transfer of energy.  Photons have the least amount of information of all other known particles.  Information travels at a constant rate in a given spatial density.  This model predicts that photons are constructed from two faster than light particles, that I call bits, but I will not be exploring that concept in this paper, and will approach a revised atomic model in another paper.  Because information compresses space, a doppler-like compression wave forms in space to accompany the particle.  The frequency of the wave is the frequency of the information.  The wavelength is proportional to the spatial density.  As information moves from one are of density to another, it is refracted, and the wavelength changes while the frequency remains the same.  This method of refraction is analogous to GR's predicated spacetime curvature.

This model eliminates the need for dark matter, energy, flow, etc, as it predicts that time (and thus motion) is relative to the speed of entropy.  If an observed object is traveling at a local rate of 30 km/s, they will appear to be moving more slowly than that rate that to a distant observer, and will cover less distance in a given observed time than they do in the local time.

Time is "baked right into" the equations.  The constants 86400 are the number of seconds in a day. 12 is the number of months in a year. The radius of each body is a proxy for the information density of each body, which is used to calculate what I call spatial density, which is analogous to spatial curvature.  There is no need for additional dimensions, like spacetime features.

The mathematical model

For reference, this model is based on the inverse square law:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inverse-square_law
It does not share any other scientific concepts with other theories of gravity.

Constants

  • G is a constant representing the effect of time from the "gravity" of all other objects. (It is in unitless)
  • D is a constant representing the maximum spatial density, which is used to calculate gravity.  The  units are meter seconds.
  • C is a constant representing the maximum speed of entropy / maximum speed of light

Variables

  • r1 is the radius of the larger body (meters * 1 seconds)
  • r2 is the radius of the smaller body (meters * 1 seconds)
  • distance is the distance between the bodies at the aphelion (meters)
  • w is the absolute angular momentum, or period of the smaller body before relativistic gravitational effects. (seconds)
  • p is the relative angular momentum, or  period of the smaller body in seconds after relativistic effects (seconds)
  • c is the speed of light (meter second^-1)
  • v is the orbital velocity of the smaller body (meter second^-1)

Absolute angular momentum (w)


In this theory the absolute (unaltered) angular momentum of a body is the angular momentum before the increase in density of space is applied from the other objects in the Universe., which .expressed in seconds (the angular momentum before the slowdown of "gravity" is applied)

w second = (12 * (1 second / (((2 pi r1 meter second/86400 second) + (2 pi r2 meter second / 86400 second)) / distance meter)))
w second = (12 * (1 second / (((2 pi 6.3674447×10^6 meter second/86400 second) + (2 pi 6.955×10^8 meter second / 86400 second)) / 1.48×10^11 meter)))
w = 3.48×10^7 seconds

12 is unitless, and represents the number of months in a year.

 

Relative angular momentum, or period (p)


This is the actual period of the smaller body after it is slowed down by the "gravity" of all other objects.  The constant G here represents the "gravity" from all the other objects in the Universe, thus the value is more than the number of days in a year.

p second = w second / G

Solve for the G.  This is a unitless measure.


G * 31536000 second = 3.48×10^7 seconds
G = 3.48×10^7 seconds / 31536000 second
G = 1.104

p = 3.48×10^7 seconds / 1.104
p = 31 521 739 seconds or 364.834944 days

Local motion


Just as in Newtonian physics d = rt when observing motion on the surface of a rotating body.

 

Relative motion calculates the relativistic effect on motion at macro scales


d meter = r meter second^-1 * (t second / G)

 

To find the speed of light, one must solve for the maximum rate of entropy (C), representing the maximum speed of light


c meters second^-1 = C / Gp
299792000 meters second^-1 = C / ( 1.104 * 31536000 second)
C = 299792000 meters second^-1 * (1.104 * 31536000 second)
C = 1.04374815 × 10^16 meters

c represents the relative entropic rate.  To move backwards in time, entropy would have to run in reverse.  This may happen in a big crunch.
c =1.04374815 × 10^16 meters / ( 1.104 * 31536000 second)
c = 2.998×10^8 m/s

 

Solve for D to find gravity on the smaller body.


g meter second^2 = D meter second * ((1 second / (((2 pi r1 meter second/86400 second) + (2 pi r2 meter second / 86400 second)) / distance meter)) / G)
9.8 meter second^2 = D meter second * ((1 second / (((2 pi 6.3674447×10^6 meter second/86400 second) + (2 pi 6.955×10^8 meter second / 86400 second)) / 1.48×10^11 meter)) / 1.104)
D = 9.8 meter second^2 /((1 second / (((2 pi 6.3674447×10^6 meter second/86400 second) + (2 pi 6.955×10^8 meter second / 86400 second)) / 1.48×10^11 meter)) / 1.104)
D  = 3.731×10^-6 m s

g =3.731×10^-6 m s *  ((1 second / (((2 pi 6.3674447×10^6 meter second/86400 second) + (2 pi 6.955×10^8 meter second / 86400 second)) / 1.48×10^11 meter)) / 1.104)
g =9.799 m s^2

 

Local orbital velocity of the smaller body (what one observes while on the surface of a rotating body)


v = ((r1 meters * r2 meters ) / (distance meters)) / 1 second
v = ((6.3674447×10^6 meters * 6.955×10^8 meters ) / (1.48×10^11 meters)) / 1 second
v = 29923 m/s

Absolute orbital velocity of the smaller body (velocity as observed from a macro distance)

v = ((r1 meters * r2 meters ) / (distance meters)) / G * 1  second
v = ((6.3674447×10^6 meters * 6.955×10^8 meters ) / (1.48×10^11 meters)) / 1.104 * 1 second
v = 27 104 m / s